Sudo is a command that enables programs to be implemented as a root user. Sudo runs commands provided to it with the privileges of a root user. You can use the sudo user to perform administrative tasks on your CentOS Server without a need to logging in as the root user.
To create another user in your CentOS system, first run the command below to log into your server as a root user:
# ssh root@server_ip_address
Once you log in, execute the command below to create the new user:
# adduser username
Replace username with the user name that you wish to create.
Setup password for the username
# passwd username
Changing password for user username.
Retype new password:
passwd: all authentication tokens updated successfully.
Add new user to wheel group
# usermod -aG wheel username
By default, all users in the CentOS wheel group are given sudo access.
In order to use Sudo user, switch to newly created user:
# su – username
To use sudo, simply prefix the command with sudo and space.
# sudo ls -l /root
Since this is the first time you are using sudo on CentOS, you will get an output as below:
We trust you have received the usual lecture from the local System
Administrator. It usually boils down to these three things:
#1) Respect the privacy of others.
#2) Think before you type.
#3) With great power comes great responsibility.
[sudo] password for username:
Enter the password created for the new user. This will take you to the prompt of the newly created user: